Today ship managers are facing several paradigm shifts in their industry caused by major technological changes. First, the pace of digitalization in the cruise industry has evolved far more advanced than expected. Secondly, seafarers demand to stay connected to the world at all times. Thirdly, global regulations by EU and IMO also require ships to record and keep track of transmitted data and the electronic data must be updated regularly.

The central concept behind the initiatives of “Industrial IoT”, “Industrial Automation”, and “Industry 4.0” shares a similar characteristic – establishing OT and IT convergence by interconnecting all the sensor, devices and equipment through mainstream communication protocols such as Industrial Ethernet and Internet protocol. However, the convergence has made OT networks vulnerable towards cyber threats, as security loopholes are exposed and intruders may attack directly through IT networks. Therefore, in order to ensure uptimes forIT/OT converged production system in the smart factory, it is critical to conduct comprehensive forensic analysis regarding ICS network vulnerability and perform early detection of abnormal events or unauthorized access that could lead to system downtimes and the derived expensive costs.

2018 FIFA World Cup, the world’s largest sport event this year, is held in Russia and participated by 32 national teams contesting through a qualifying competition with more than 1.5 billion soccer viewers worldwide. In fact, this is considered the most costly World Cup so far, with latest technological deployments like 5G infrastructures and VR-assisted equipments. However, such high-profile events are attracting potential cyber attacks at the same time. For example, the Winter Olympics in early 2018 was found with an incident that the IP television in the press center was hacked during the opening ceremony.

In today’s business landscape, enterprises are relying more and more on cloud-based web applications to offer 24/7 serviceability, enhance competitiveness and expand user bases. Whether these web applications are deployed on –premises with private cloud settings or in cloud infrastructure with large data center, they have become frequently exposed to cyber criminals and suffered from web service outages caused by advanced cyber attacks, such as DDoS, spear-phishing, and SQL injection. According to Q3, 2016 State of Internet Security released by Akamai, in the Web Application Attack Frequency, SQLi accounted for nearly 50% of observed web attacks.

Nowadays vehicles are equipped with subsystems that are digitalized and connected, and thus transportation companies are seeking intelligent and innovative solutions to meet new demands from consumers. For instance, digital payment is implemented in cabs for the convenience of tourists, and in fact they can pay the fare electronically through the App of transport service providers.

Industry 4.0’s promising technology trends encompass areas and applications such as the Internet of Things, cyber security, the cloud datacenter, horizontal/vertical system integration, data mining/analytics, AR, VR, 3D printing and robotics; what all these technologies have in common is that they must rely on some sort of networking architecture/framework in order to deliver the innovation, profits, benefits and convenience promised.

However, in order to manage and meet the demands of a telehealth system on which the medical staff depend for delivering top of the line care in the form of video, voice and data transfer directly to patients located in different locations, a robust and scalable network is an absolute must.