Due to the rapid evolution of cyber attacks, businesses and organizations across the world, no matter large or small scale, are exposed to extremely high risks of data security threats. The recent widespread of ransomware attacks has disrupted operations and profitability to many corporations and institutions. According to statistics, the top three victimized countries are United States, Taiwan and Japan. Recently, even well-known religious organizations and hospitals in Taiwan have been attacked by ransomware. In 2016 alone, experts have determined the most infamous global ransomware attacks: CryptoWall, Locky and Cerber, each accounted for approximately 41%, 34% and 24% respectively.
Data breaches are usually intentional leaks of information without authorization, normally by hacking actions. Data breaches are destructive nightmares to major corporations and organizations because it severely damages not only their profitability, but also trust and reputations. Victims are usually giant corporations or organizations with huge base of users or member, which means gigantic amount of data as the target for hackers. In fact, some user or member data are highly sensitive or confidential and this will severely ruin the serviceability and reliability of the service providers.
The massive DDoS attack on Dynamic Network Service (Dyn) which caused severe network outages and disruptions to Dyn’s major clients including Twitter, Raddit, Spotify, Tumblr, and many other well-known websites. When a DDoS attack penetrates its targeted service website, users of the victimized site may experience disruptions or outages when accessing the services and functions. The crisis was regarded as a loud wake-up call on how vulnerable our cloud services and data centers are in terms of DDoS attack.